The origin of the Usher of the Black Rod goes back to early fourteenth century England .

Today, with no royal duties to perform, the Usher knocks on the doors of the House of Commons with the Black Rod at the start of Parliament to summon the members.

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As a consequence, the Enlightenment brought about a time where the philosophers and intellectuals of Europe challenged previous ideas, those which were grounded in faith and religious institutions, often using the scientific method as a means of completing such a task [4].

In doing so, the debate between monogenism and polygenism came into view [5].

If an observer were to sit in on a university science course, he or she would fail to find the professor giving an introductory history lesson on the hallmarks in that particular field.

Usually, the history lesson comes from the introduction of concepts surrounding the subject, with less emphasis on the minds that shaped the approaches.

For instance, the origin, but he argued for similar ancestral origins (i.e., to Adam and Eve) [9].

Such varied behavioral origins led to the belief that these differences made each subset of humans more or less humane than each other, and can be observed in scientists’ work that follows Linnaeus.

These philosophies, although wrought with instances of racialized thinking, became the basis for a new generation of thinkers because they were conceived in a place free from institutions of religion and tradition.

If we fast forward nearly two thousand years to the Enlightenment, a period during the late 17 century, we discover that teachers and pupils alike were rediscovering such philosophies and histories of ancient Greece and Rome [4].

For instance, Linnaeus later influenced the language of zoologist Georges Cuvier, who extended prescribed character traits to physical attributes and animals who Cuvier felt had similar mannerisms and bone structures, such as describing blacks as of a “monkey-like tribe” [10]).

Cuvier and subsequent scientists would help cultivate the groundwork for controversial fields such as craniometry, but theirs and others’ deeds are interesting to observe in a historical context.

Thus, Linnaeus was one of the first researchers to propose that geography also played a role in racial determination.